HARARE, June 28 (The Source) – Zimbabwe needs to embrace public-private partnerships and reduce its reliance on parastatals in order to create a good economic environment that attracts more investment, according to an independent economic and political analyst.
Speaking at the Ease of Doing Business workshop on Tuesday, Daniel Silke said parastatals crowd out private sector investment.
“The problem with parastatals is that , where parastatals takes so much of the economy and you are over depended on them, you also to a degree , crowd out the private sector,” Silke said.
Zimbabwe has 91 state owned enterprises, many of which are underperforming but are in all key sectors of the economy. At their peak, state enterprises contributed up to 40 percent of the country’s gross domestic product (GDP), but they have been dragged down by legacy debt, corruption and mismanagement.
Silke said the state has to encourage private sector participation in key areas.
“Think about the importance of public-private partnership or embrace public-private partnership and take away some of that reliance on the parastatals,” Silke said.
“Talking from my South African experience, parastatals are often run by those who are connected to the leaders not necessarily by the most efficient in the society. Practically you can reverse that here in Zimbabwe and that will be welcome,” he added.
He said the country needs to start investing more in its infrastructure but a debt overhang and external arrears have limited Zimbabwe’s access to financing for development and raised the cost to the private sector of accessing regular international capital markets.
As at October 31, 2016, Zimbabwe’s public debt stood at $11.2 billion or 79 percent of GDP, of which $7.5 billion, 53 percent of GDP, is external debt. About $5.2 billion of that is in arrears, and leading to a deterioration of relations with major creditors and inhibiting access to new finance.