HARARE, March 9 (The Source) - Zimbabwe will sharply cut its public sector wage bill from 82 percent of government spending currently to 52 percent of expenditure by 2019 and improve fiscal discipline, Finance Minister Patrick Chinamasa said on Wednesday.
Addressing a press conference with the visiting delegation from the International Monetary Fund (IMF), Chinamasa said the government would "enter into a process of a staggered progressive reduction" to meet the 2019 target.
The IMF said Zimbabwe had met targets and structural benchmarks under the 15-month staff monitored programme (SMP) -- an informal agreement between a government and IMF staff to monitor the implementation of its economic reforms -- although economic growth is expected to reach a modest 1,4 percent this year from 1,1 percent in 2015.
“The authorities have met all quantitative targets and structural benchmarks under the third and final review of the SMP. Moreover, they have started to develop a medium term economic transformation programme, in line with the broader reform agenda presented at the Lima meetings on arrears in October 2015,” the IMF said.
Zimbabwe needs to institute urgent reforms as the economy worsens in the face of El Nino induced drought and weak commodity prices, the Fund added.
“Economic difficulties have deepened. Zimbabwe cannot wait and needs to act now. The El Nino induced drought has hit the economy hard. Lower commodity prices and the appreciation of the US dollar have compounded difficulties. Policy action is needed to reverse this adverse trend,” head of the IMF mission, Dominic Fanizza, said.
"Once the SMP is completed successfully -- as an initial step toward reform and reengagement with international partners -- a comprehensive and ambitious economic transformation programme is needed to revive the Zimbabwean economy and to cement support among international partners."
Going forward, Fanizza said, fiscal discipline would be a key priority in the country’s transformation program.
“Given the lack of resources, the authorities need to keep the cash primary accounts close to balance. This heightens the urgency of re-engagement with the international community. The objective is to eventually unlock financing that could allow Zimbabwe to deal with the adverse shocks and plan for much needed social and capital outlays,” he said.
"This will, however, not be sufficient. We support the authorities' ambitious plan for shifting resources to much-needed infrastructure investment and social outlays by reining in employment costs."
The IMF noted that while progress had been made in the financial sector, risks remained and urged the government to continue strong proactive supervision.
Improving the business environment, in particular the implementation of the indigenisation policy was key to attracting foreign direct investment.
Chinamasa said government was in the process of crafting a Country Financing Strategy Paper with the hope of convincing the IMF to synchronize a new country financing programme with payment of arrears.
Zimbabwe, which owes $1, 8 billion in arrears to the World Bank, IMF and AfDB, has not been able to access much needed fresh financing from the fund and last October put across an arrears clearance strategy which is considered an important step towards normalizing relations with international financial community.
Fanizza said the resolution of Zimbabwe's external arrears with international financial institutions (IFIs) would be a key step to normalising relations and a possible IMF financial arrangement.
“We are encouraged that the authorities plan to clear the outstanding arrears with International Financial Institutions as outlined at the Lima meetings. The successful resolution of Zimbabwe’s external payment arrears will be an important step toward normalising relations with the international finance community and will allow the country to eventually seek A Fund financial arrangement,” Fanizza said.
"It will also send strong signals to the international community, reduce perceived country risk premium and unlock affordable financing for government and the private sector."
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